Nîmes has a rich history, dating back to the Roman Empire when it was called Nemausus. The city was located on the Via Domitia, a Roman road constructed in 118 BC which connected Italy to Spain. The city had an estimated population of 60,000 in the time of Augustus. Augustus gave the town a ring of ramparts six kilometres long, reinforced by fourteen towers of which 2 still remain today. Several important remains of the Roman Empire can still be seen in and around Nîmes including (of the one’s which we had visited and photographed)
The Roman Amphitheater, of the 1st or 2nd century AD, is the best-preserved Roman arena in France and could hold 24,000 people. It was filled with medieval housing, when its walls served as ramparts, but they were cleared under Napoleon. It is still used today as a bull fighting and concert arena.
The Maison Carrée (Square House), a small Roman temple dedicated to sons of Agrippa was built c. 19 BC. It is one of the best-preserved Roman temples anywhere. The 18th-century Jardins de la Fontaine (Gardens of the Fountain) built around the roman thermae ruins.
The nearby Mont Cavalier is crowned by the Tour Magne (“Great Tower”), a ruined Roman tower. who’s history goes back to IIIth century BC when it measured 18m in height in Roman times this grew to 36 metres today it sits at 32.5m and offers great views of the city below and the Temple de Diane which dates to the 2nd century.