The Château de Saint-Ulrich (also known as the Château de Grand-Ribeaupierre) is one of three castles (with the Girsberg and the Haut-Ribeaupierre) which dominates the commune of Ribeauvillé in the Haut-Rhin department of France. It is situated at an altitude of 528 m. The present name of the site is from the chapel dedicated to Saint Ulrich of Augsburg which is found in the castle. Medieval texts never gave the present name – the castle had the name of the Rappolstein dynasty (or Ribeaupierre in the French style).
From the XIth to the XVIth centuries, the castle was the principal residence of the powerful lords of Ribeaupierre. There must have been another castle on the same site which belonged in 1114 to the Bishop of Basle. It was occupied militarily by Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, who used it as a strongpoint in his war against the Eguisheims. It was then returned to the Bishop of Basle who restored it to the Ribeaupierres. Anselme II de Ribeaupierre, who chased the other members of the family from the castle, successfully survived two sieges, in 1287 by Rudolph I of Germany and, in 1293, his successor Adolf. A celebrated crimal, Dame Cunégonde d’Hungersheim, was incarcerated in the keep and tried to escape with the aide of a guard. The castle is a very fine example of the military architecture of Alsace in the Middle Ages, including a keep erected in the XIIth century and a residence with chimney, also XIIth century. In the XIIIth century, the salle des chevaliers (knights’ hall) was decorated with nine beautiful windows in the Romanesque style which can still be seen. In the same period (1435), the chapel dedicated to Saint Ulrich, Bishop of Augsburg, was built. The Ribeaupierre family left this castle in the 16th century for a Renaissance-style mansion (the present school in Ribeauvillé).
The castle was dismantled during the Thirty Years’ War. The legend of the mortal arrow. Two Ribeaupierre brothers, one living in the château de Saint-Ulrich, the other in Girsberg, had agreed to go hunting one day. They had arranged a signal: the first to wake would fire an arrow at the other’s shutters. The Saint-Ulrich brother awoke first and shot an arrow towards his brother’s shutters. But the latter, at the moment the arrow arrived, also opened his shutters, his heart pierced he later died.