Chalus, known to be the place where the king of England, Richard the Lion-heart was mortally wounded in 1199, located in the Limousin. Its position in the mounts of Chalus, with the natural crossroads of old roads, results in the influences of the Limousin, Perigord and Charente limousine in the hydrography, architectural climate, relief or styles.
Châlus’ is where Richard I of England was wounded by a crossbow bolt and killed as a result of the wound. It was shot by Pierre Basile while Richard I was besieging the castle in 1199. In 1275-1280, Géraud de Maumont built a second castle, Châlus Maulmont, in front of Châlus Chabrol. Chateau Châlus Maulmont was damaged extensively during the French Revolution, and was dismantled in 1790, then used as a prison. The tower of Châlus Maulmont collapsed on March 20, 1994. This character of border directed a development based on the exchanges, with relation with the Middle Ages, and a history agitated by the seat of its castles. Marked by the agricultural activity and the exploitation of the chestnut, Its economy saw the industry develop with the railroad, with the increase of the population in the last quarter of the XXth century.
Demographic stabilization related to the installation of populations urbaines or ‘British attracted by quality of life’, with the recent creation of the regional natural park (parc naturel regional Perigord Limousin), a revival. Centered around tourism and sustainable development, this revival integrates the traditional assets of the territory, such as the forest and wood, but also of the medical-social work departments, gerontology, educational and sporting developement.
The fame of Chalus is also due to the personalities whose memory is attached there, of Richard the Lion-heart or Pierre Desproges en passing Georges-Emmanuel Clancier or Lawrence of Arabia Châlus has a castle named Château de Châlus-Chabrol and a ruined castle named Château de Châlus-Maulmont. Richard’s bowels are still preserved in the chapel, and there is a medieval garden. Other attractions of the village include a museum dedicated to the chestnut. The biggest Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron Giganteum) in Europe, with a circumference of 13,3 m, is in a private garden.